A layer that is put on the surface of a farm to boost soil fertility and soil moist conservation is called mulch. The points below highlights the importance of using mulch in your farm
Obviously, many farmers opt for mulch to conserve the soil moisture and allow normal growth of plant despite the harsh weather condition. Once mulch has been applied in the garden, it regulate the soil temperature and reduces the rate of soil water evaporation. Mulch help farmers carry on their farming activities even during the time when the amount of rainfall is low. Organic mulch like the alfalfa mulch traps the moist that tries to escape into atmosphere and return it back to the soil.
Secondly, mulch is used to prevent erosion of top fertile soil. Top soil is usually rich in mineral and is loose for easy penetration of plant roots which makes it easily eroded by erosion agents. When soil erosion of the top fertile soil takes place, the fertility of the farm is greatly reduced and this makes farmers incur a lot of losses. It is not possible for any farming in a barren farm because it lacks the necessary ingredients to sustain plants. Agent of soil erosion like the wind which carries away loose soil. The hard pan is left behind after erosion makes tilling a farm so difficult.
The third benefit of using mulch in your farm is that the fertility of the soil is increased. The decomposition of mulch turns the mulch into manure which increases the soil fertility. This helps to reduce the amount of inorganic chemical fertilizer used on a farm which is quite expensive while mulch is very cheap. The acidity of the soil can naturally be regulated by the use of mulch which decomposes and alters the soil PH depending on the composition of the plant used as mulch.
Weeds are unable to grow in a farm whose surface has been applied with mulch. Mulch suppress the growth of weed by cutting the supply of necessities for seed germination. Germination of a seed is facilitated by air, water, warmth, and minerals. In order to effectively prevent weed germination, it is good to use a lot of mulch which can prevent any penetration of air.
The affordability of mulch is another advantage of using mulch in your farm. Organic mulch is readily available from the dead plants and you can even decide to make your own mulch by collecting dead plants and putting them on the surface of your farm. Companies that sell mulch have favorable prices and they deliver the mulch to the farm of a customer.
Sixth, you can use mulch a way of decorating your farm or land. River stones that are used to mulch city trees are very monumental and appealing to the eyes. Properties of river stones like color make them ideal decorative mulch.
Lastly, mulch is environmentally friendly because they decompose very fast as oppose to other methods of farming like the use of fertilizes. Decomposed mulch turns into manure that helps the soil retain the soil water and allow easy penetration of plant roots.